Africa is the second largest and most-populous continent of the seven continents on Earth (Asia being the largest) lying south of Europe, with the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Indian Ocean to the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Red Sea on the northeast. Africa is connected with Asia at its northeast extremity by the isthmus of Suez, and separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea. There are 47 countries on the African continent, the islands off the coast brings this number up currently to 54 countries (including Western Sahara, which is disputed). The islands that make up the 54 countries are; Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles, Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Principe. Sudan is the largest country in Africa and Madagascar the largest island. Africa's newest country is Eritrea, which is located in the East Africa. Eritrea became an independent republic in 1993, following a referendum which allowed its secession from Ethiopia. Africa is the poorest continent despite its abundant natural wealth which is due mainly to its colonial history. Below are the names of the current 54 countries of Africa.


List of African countries and their capitals nowEdit

Algeria – Algiers

Angola – Luanda

Benin – Porto-Novo (seat of government at Cotonou)

Botswana – Gaborone

Burkina Faso – Ouagadougou

Burundi – Bujumbura

Cameroon – Yaoundé

Cape Verde – Praia

Central African Republic – Bangui

Chad – N'Djamena

Comoros – Moroni

Congo, Democratic Republic/formerly known as Zaire) – Kinshasa

Congo, Republic/Congo-Brazzaville) – Brazzaville

Côte d'Ivoire/Ivory Coast – Yamoussoukro (seat of government at Abidjan)

Djibouti – Djibouti

Egypt – Cairo

Equatorial Guinea – Malabo

Eritrea – Asmara

Ethiopia – Addis Ababa

Gabon – Libreville

Gambia – Banjul

Ghana – Accra

Guinea – Conakry

Guinea-Bissau – Bissau

Kenya – Nairobi

Lesotho – Maseru

Liberia – Monrovia

Libya – Tripoli

Madagascar – Antananarivo

Malawi – Lilongwe

Mali – Bamako

Mauritania – Nouakchott

Mauritius – Port Louis

Mayotte (overseas territory of France) – Mamoudzou

Morocco – Rabat

Mozambique – Maputo

Namibia – Windhoek

Niger – Niamey

Nigeria – Abuja

Réunion (overseas department of France) – Saint-Denis

Rwanda – Kigali

Saint Helena (overseas territory of the United Kingdom) – Jamestown

São Tomé and Príncipe – São Tomé

Senegal – Dakar

Seychelles – Victoria

Sierra Leone – Freetown

Somalia – Mogadishu

South Africa – Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)

Sudan – Khartoum

South Sudan - Juba ( Sudan got split into two different countries Sudan and South Sudan)

Swaziland – Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (royal and legislative)

Tanzania – Dodoma (seat of government at Dar es Salaam)

Togo – Lomé

Tunisia – Tunis

Uganda – Kampala

Western Sahara – El Aaiún (unofficial)

Zambia – Lusaka

Zimbabwe – Harare

See alsoEdit